Physical Properties of Calcium Citrate Malate:
Form: Calcium citrate malate is commonly found in powder or granular form.It may appear as a white to off-white powder.
Solubility: Calcium citrate malate is water-soluble, which contributes to its bioavailability.This property allows for easier absorption in the digestive system.
Taste and Odor: Generally, calcium citrate malate is tasteless and odorless, making it suitable for use in various food and beverage applications without imparting unwanted flavors.
pH: Calcium citrate malate is often used as a calcium supplement due to its neutral pH, making it less likely to cause gastrointestinal discomfort compared to some other calcium salts.
Chemical Properties of Calcium Citrate Malate:
Chemical Formula: The chemical formula of calcium citrate malate is complex and can be expressed as Ca5(C6H5O7)2(C4H4O5)2·2H2O.This formula indicates the combination of calcium with citric acid and malic acid.
Calcium Content: Calcium citrate malate contains calcium, an essential mineral for various physiological functions, especially bone health.
Citric Acid Content: Citrate, derived from citric acid, is an integral part of calcium citrate malate. Citric acid enhances the solubility and absorption of calcium.
Malic Acid Content: Malate, derived from malic acid, is another component of calcium citrate malate.Malic acid also contributes to the overall bioavailability of calcium.
Chelation: Calcium citrate malate is a chelated form of calcium, meaning that the calcium ions are bonded to organic acids (citric and malic acids).This chelation enhances the solubility and absorption of calcium in the digestive system.
Bioavailability: The chelation process in calcium citrate malate contributes to its high bioavailability, allowing for efficient absorption of calcium in the intestines.
Stability: Calcium citrate malate is generally stable under normal storage conditions.However, like many calcium salts, it can be affected by factors such as high humidity and extreme temperatures.
Understanding the physical and chemical properties of calcium citrate malate is crucial for its application in various industries, including pharmaceuticals, food and beverages, and nutritional supplements.These properties influence its effectiveness, bioavailability, and suitability for different formulations.