Tricalcium phosphate (TCP) is a calcium salt of phosphoric acid with the chemical formula Ca₃(PO₄)₂.It is a white, odorless powder with various applications in the food industry, pharmaceuticals, and as a nutritional supplement.Here is an introduction to the basic properties of tricalcium phosphate:
Molecular Weight: Approximately 310.18 g/mol
White, odorless powder or crystalline solid.
Insoluble in water.
Tricalcium phosphate is a significant source of calcium, an essential mineral for the human body.It provides bioavailable calcium, which is important for bone and teeth health.
As a phosphate compound, tricalcium phosphate contains phosphorus, another essential nutrient necessary for various physiological functions, including energy metabolism and bone formation.
Tricalcium phosphate exists in different crystalline forms, with the most common being aβ-Ca₃(PO₄)₂and a high-temperature form, α-Ca₃(PO₄)₂.
Tricalcium phosphate is known for its biocompatibility, making it suitable for use in medical and dental applications, particularly as a bone substitute material in orthopedic and dental surgeries.
Due to its similarity to the mineral component of natural bone, tricalcium phosphate is used in bone grafting procedures to assist in bone regeneration and repair.
In the food industry, tricalcium phosphate is used as an anti-caking agent and a calcium supplement.It is added to various food products to enhance calcium content and prevent clumping.
Tricalcium phosphate is used in the pharmaceutical industry as a filler in the production of tablets and capsules.
Insoluble in water but slightly soluble in acidic solutions.This solubility can be a factor in its use as a slow-release calcium and phosphorus supplement.
Understanding the basic properties of tricalcium phosphate is crucial for its effective utilization in various industries, ranging from healthcare to food production.Its role as a calcium and phosphorus source, along with its biocompatibility, makes it a valuable compound in different applications.